One of the few Olympic lifting barbell dealers in Germany recommended a book to me. It is long out of print and from old East Germany: Gewichtheben (Olympic lifting), from Gerhad Carl, Sportverlag Berlin 1976.
Well this is the only book on olympic lifting in german and in my opinion it would be well worth to print it again or even translate it to english. One of the chapters deals with the question how the education of a young lifter should look like, a very interesting read
, what follows is a rough and dirty translation of the first paragraph of said chapter:
4.8 Versatile athletic education [of a weightlifter]
World class athletes in the olympic lifts reach their peak around age 26--30, but there are great differences in the age lifters start training for the olympic lifts. During the first phase of the athletic education the focus should be on a versatile athletic education to create well rounded athletes. Multi-functional training should be maintained during later phases of the education, as it has an important place in training. It is impossible to develop the special skills necessary for olympic lifting relying only on training the olympic lifts. Using a versatile multi-functional education we will reach success earlier [and have better success].
So what does the author recommend? The basic training should consist of excercises from
- track and field (running, jumping, throwing)
- games (soccer, volleyball, basketball, handball)
- gymnastics (rings, horse, high bar, tumbling etc.)
- swimming [!] (sprints, distance, high diving)
- winter sports (nordic ski, ski run, ice skating)
And how would a typical basic education look like?
phase of training, age, track and field, games, gymnastic, swimming, winter sports, % of total training
1. 10--14 years 18% 18% 15% 8% 8% 8% 75%
2. 14--16 years 12% 14% 10% 4% 5% 5% 50%
3. 16--18 years 8% 10% 5% 4% 4% 4% 35%
4. 18--20 years 5% 9% 3% 4% 2% 2% 25%
The rest of training would be the olympic lifts. There are most detailed descriptions how the training of each of the disciplines should look like. This is the second time I see somebody mention that a multi-year build up [of basic preparation=not olympic lifts] is necessary to reach the top in the olympic lifts. The other one is Zatsiorsky who mentioned a three years rule of general basic training to prepare for olympic lifting.