Individuals may jump in at any time, although they may be starting in the middle of a particular training cycle and consequently this initial cycle may be somewhat less successful than it would be if begun as intended. Athletes can choose to jump in early and use the initial weeks as a time to become accustomed to the training, get a feeling for the amount of work and the need if any to scale the workouts, and to practice what will likely be many unfamiliar exercises.
The CA training program is very demanding, and may not be appropriate or possible immediately for everyone. Individuals unaccustomed to this type of training should graduate into it. We have a starter program here that we suggest using before any of the programs or daily workouts.
Weightlifting prescriptions will be notated with the exercise, the intensity (loading), reps and sets. For example:
Snatch – 75% x 2 x 5
This would indicate snatching 75% of the athlete’s 1RM snatch weight for 5 sets of 2 reps. If a load is not specified, notation for sets and reps will be in the reverse order. For example:
Pull-ups – 5 x 10
This would indicate 5 sets of 10 reps.
For exercise complexes, notation will usually include reps for each exercise performed in the set. This would look, for example, like:
Power Clean + Power Jerk - 75% x 2+1 x 4
This would mean each set is 2 power cleans followed by 1 power jerk at 75%.
Power Snatch + Snatch Balance - 75% x 2(1+1) x 5
This would indicate that each set is 1 power snatch, then 1 snatch balance, then 1 power snatch, then 1 snatch balance for 4 total reps per set.
Prescribed percentages are of the exercise they accompany unless noted otherwise. A notable exception is snatch or clean pulls or deadlifts: percentages of these exercises are calculated from the 1RM of the snatch or clean (this is usually noted in the workout for clarity).
Often exercises will have other types of loading prescriptions, including HS (heavy single) and max.
HS (Heavy Single)
HS or Heavy single indicates taking the exercise to the heaviest weight for a single rep that can be managed in that training session. This is determined simply by gradually increasing the weight until that criterion is met without any failed attempts. If an attempt does fail, but the reason for failure is obviously technical in nature, the athlete can make another attempt. Otherwise the loading increase should stop when the athlete completes a rep he or she is confident is approximately the best possible at that time.
Max is a genuine test of a maximal effort. In this case, the athlete can give him- or herself up to 3 attempts at a given weight. If after 3 attempts the athlete is still unsuccessful, he or she is done with that exercise. An exception would be an athlete who is missing based on minor and known technical errors, and who is able to continue making attempts that are at least as close or better than previous attempts at that weight. In such cases, continued attempts are recommended until this trend reverses.
Similar to the heavy single would be multiple reps with the "heavy" notation, e.g. heavy 3. This simply means taking the exercise up to the heaviest set of 3 reps you feel you're able to do that day.RM
3RM, 90% x 3 x 2
This would mean taking the exercise up to a max weight for 3 reps, then doing 2 more sets of 3 at 90% of that maximum weight.
Sometimes it will be noted alongside RMs that they should not be absolute max testing on that day, but very challenging.
No weight prescribed
If a loading prescription is absent for a particular exercise, the athlete should choose the loading to approximate the heaviest possible for the prescribed sets and reps unless some other quality is prescribed. For conditioning workouts, attempt to select weights that allow you to perform the prescribed reps consecutively in at least the first set.
If a weight is bold, it means that you can increase the weight for that set if you feel good. This is not a suggestion to take the exercise to a max effort, and you need to stick with the same number of prescribed sets written.
OTM: On The Minute. This is a series of sets performed at the start of each subsequent minute. For example, 75% x 1 x 5 OTM would mean a single at 75% each minute. This is NOT 1 minute rest. If the first set begins at minute 0, the second set begins when the clock hits 1 minute.
HS: Heavy Single. See above.
RM: Repetition Maxiumum. See above.
In addition to some well-known exercises, our workouts occasionally use some less-well-known exercises, particularly weightlifting movements. Descriptions and video demonstrations can be found here. With exercises requiring higher degrees of technical precision, spend the time developing a solid technique base before attempting to load them heavily. More time invested early in technique work will pay off in the long run. As mentioned previously, a good time to do this is prior to the beginning of the next cycle.
Ab work should be performed every training day, even if not prescribed in the workout. Include back work as well at least 3 days/week (e.g. back extensions, reverse hypers, back planks) if not prescribed in the workouts.
Check out this article for info on ab and back work.
Rest as needed between sets. Generally 2-3 minutes is a good starting point. For extremely tough work like heavy, high volume squats, 4-5 minutes rest can be taken if needed.
Certain exercises will be accompanied by a 4-digit number that prescribes a speed at which the lift should be executed. The first digit refers to the eccentric portion (lowering); the second to the time between the finish of the eccentric and concentric portions; the third the concentric (lifting/raising); and the fourth the time between the completion of the concentric and beginning of the following eccentric portion. An "X" indicates performing the portion of the movement as quickly as possible.
For example, the a good morning with the tempo 3020 would mean that the athlete would take 3 seconds flex the hip into the bottom positions, not pause, take 2 seconds to extend the hip back to the standing position, and not pause at the top before beginning the next rep
Conditioning workouts will be prescribed as a list of exercises following a set count with prescribed rest intervals if any. For example:
3 sets - no rest:
10 Sandbag cleans to shoulder – 50% BW
20 ball slams
50 m sprint
This would indicate the workout is to be completed in superset fashion with no planned rest between exercises; that is, the total amount of work is to be completed in as little time as possible with correct movement execution.
In other cases, conditioning workouts may involve programmed rest periods within an otherwise straight-through workout. An example might be:
10 Sandbag cleans to shoulder – 50% BW; no rest
20 ball slams; no rest
50 m sprint; 1 min rest
10 Sandbag cleans to shoulder – 50% BW
20 ball slams
50 m sprint
1 min rest
This would prescribe completing all reps of each exercise with no rest between, followed by a 1 minute rest before returning to the first exercise.
There is no need to time these workouts unless you want to compare times to other athletes posting times; however, the goal is to complete them as quickly as possible with the emphasis on quality execution rather than speed.
In addition to basic weightlifting work, there will occasionally be supplemental work such as ab training and the like. These will be prescribed with set and rep counts, and are NOT meant to be completed like conditioning workouts - that is, they should be paced naturally, unless tempo and rest prescriptions are made.
In many cases, this work will be done in compound sets; that is, the athlete will alternate between or among the exercises rather than completing all sets of each exercise before moving to the next. Such sets will be prescribed with letters and numbers associating exercises in each compound set.
A1. Pull-ups x 10
A2. Weighted sit-ups
If there were "B" exercises following these, all 3 sets of A1 and A2 would be completed before the B sets were started.
If ab work is not prescribed during a certain cycle, it is expected that you do it on your own at least 3 days/week.
Each Monday will have a note indicating what week of the current cycle we are in. For example:
Week 11 of 18
You can also follow any of the past training cycles to suit your needs by browsing them here.
Many individuals ask if they can perform both our training and other training simultaneously. While we can’t predict everyone’s response to training, we can say with certainly that very few individuals will be able to handle such a workload for any considerable period of time without burning out completely. These workouts are designed to be a standalone program and as such are extremely demanding—attempting to do both is a recipe for overtraining and poor results. Just as importantly, combining multiple programs is a good indicator that you're trying to achieve conflicting goals at the same time - this never works well. If you can’t stand to commit to it entirely for at least one complete cycle, don’t do it at all.
On days for which there are two distinct workouts, e.g. a weightlifting workout and conditioning workout, the two can be performed at different times of the day. Ideally separate the sessions by a minimum of 4 hours. They can also be performed in the written order in the same training session.
Individuals may find these workouts too demanding, at least initially. In these cases, the workouts can be modified as needed to accommodate the athlete’s recovery ability. Reduce the number of work sets while keeping the weight the same to reduce volume as needed. If this is inadequate, weights can be lowered slightly.
For individuals who are not yet technically proficient with the Olympic lifts, the prescribed percentages will not elicit the desired physiological effect. Because these individuals’ 1RMs are limited by technique rather strength and power, the percentages will be too light and occasionally obviously unchallenging. Athletes will need to use their best judgment in determining how much heavier to take the lift by using the original percentage as a guideline—for example, if the prescribed loading is 95%, the athlete should be very challenged by the chosen weight; if it’s 65%, the loading should be relatively easy.
See this article for more information on modifying the programs..
If cold, begin the warm-up with some type of monostructural activity; rowing is our preferred activity because it uses such a large amount of muscle mass in a great range of functional motion and doesn’t introduce any impact to joints not yet warm. Running, cycling, jumping rope and the like can substitute in the absence of a rowing machine.
After a 2-3 minutes of this initial warm-up, proceed to foam rolling and then some basic Dynamic Range of Motion (DROM) exercises. After this, move on to a specific warm-up with the barbell appropriate for the workout of the day.
Don’t overdo it—this is a warm-up, not a workout. If you have specific items you want to work on that are not included in the workout, save them for the end so you don’t inadvertently tire yourself out for the actual training.
Workouts will appear on the front page of the site on the day they're intended to be performed. For those who train early in the mornings and are unable to check the workout the day of, the following day’s workout can be seen by clicking the Tomorrow link.
Following is a quick rundown of elements of the program spreadsheets you might find unclear. Click the images to enlarge
A. Exercise and any related notes on execution or notation, such as the number of reps of each movement in a set of a complex, pause times and positions, or any prescribed rest times.
B. This will auto-populate with your PR for the exercise from the first page of the program.
C. Percentage of the weight for this set.
D. Weight for this set. This will be calculated automatically if this is a prescribed percentage and you have entered your PRs on the first page of the program. You can also manually enter the weight for non-prescribed intensity sets or if you had to modify the workout.
E. TOTAL number of reps in this set. For most exercises, this will be obvious. For complexes (including clean & jerk), this will show the TOTAL of all reps in a set! For example, a clean & jerk single is 1 clean + 1 jerk (shown in the exercise box as Clean & Jerk – 1+1), which is 2 total reps per set. Snatch Pull + Snatch – 2+1 would show 3 reps (see Point G).
F. Exercises listed with a letter and number are intended to be performed as supersets, i.e. do one set of each exercise before returning to the next set of the first exercise. If no rest times are prescribed, you’re expected to keep moving fairly continuously but it’s not a race for time.
G. Example of rep count for an exercise with multiple movements. Power Clean + Power Jerk – 1+1 means one of each movement, so a total of 2 reps, per set, as indicated in the rep field.
H. For OTM exercises, this number simply adds the reps that aren’t accounted for to the left due to the way the sheet is laid out—it simply makes the volume count accurate.
I. Enter your PRs to the right of each box. This will allow the sheet to calculate weights in the program.
J. The top link will get you to the program page on the website if you want to view it in a different format or post/read comments/questions. The bottom link will bring you to the help page for programs that will answer just about any question you could possibly have.
K. Access the weeks of the program with the tabs at the bottom.